Centralized vs. Decentralized Exchanges

Course Content
What is Blockchain?
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Understanding Cryptocurrencies
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Cryptocurrency Wallets: Types and Security
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What is blockchain
About Lesson

Welcome back! Now that you have a solid understanding of cryptocurrency wallets, let’s dive
into the world of cryptocurrency exchanges. These platforms are where you’ll be doing most of
your buying and selling of cryptocurrencies. There are two main types of exchanges:
centralized and decentralized. Understanding the differences between these two is crucial for
any crypto enthusiast.
What is a Cryptocurrency Exchange?
A cryptocurrency exchange is a platform that allows you to buy, sell, or trade
cryptocurrencies for other assets, such as conventional fiat money or other digital currencies.
They play a pivotal role in the world of cryptocurrencies and are the gateway for many people
entering the crypto world.
Centralized Exchanges (CEX)
Centralized exchanges are the most common type of cryptocurrency exchange. They are run
by a company that owns and operates them. These exchanges function much like traditional
stock exchanges, allowing users to buy, sell, and trade digital currencies based on current
market prices.
Pros of Centralized Exchanges:
Ease of Use: Centralized exchanges are user-friendly, making them ideal for
beginners.
High Liquidity: They handle a high volume of trades daily, providing users with ease
in buying and selling cryptocurrencies.
Advanced Features: Many offer features such as margin trading, futures, and stop
losses.
Cons of Centralized Exchanges:
Security Risks: Being centralized, they are susceptible to hacking.
Control: The exchange has control over your funds when you store them on the
platform.
Decentralized Exchanges (DEX)
Decentralized exchanges are platforms that allow peer-to-peer cryptocurrency transactions
to take place online securely and without the need for an intermediary.
Pros of Decentralized Exchanges:
Control of Funds: Users have full control of their funds, enhancing security.
Privacy: Most DEXs don’t require users to go through a Know Your Customer (KYC)
process, providing more privacy.
No Single Point of Failure: DEXs are not susceptible to targeted hacking as there’s
no central point of attack.
Cons of Decentralized Exchanges:
Lower Liquidity: They typically have lower trading volumes and liquidity.
Hard to Use: DEXs can be complex and hard to use, especially for beginners.
Wrapping Up
Choosing between a centralized and decentralized exchange depends on what you value most:
is it ease of use and high liquidity or control of funds and privacy? Remember, no matter which
type of exchange you choose, never leave your cryptocurrencies on an exchange longer than
necessary, especially large amounts.
In the next lesson, we’ll guide you through the process of buying and selling cryptocurrencies.
Stay tuned!

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